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The Brittany (also known as the Brittany Spaniel or Epagneul Breton) is the national dog of France. (Epagneul is a French word given to dogs that point or set their game, while a Breton is from Bretagne or Brittany).

This dog originates from the French province of Bretagne, a rugged peninsula or land surrounded by the English Channel on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other. Prior to the invention of firearms, these were a ‘drop on point dog’, which allowed a net to be cast over both them and the game that was being hunted.

In the 1850s English sportsmen brought with them to Bretagne their sporting guns and well trained pointers and setters, which they bred with the local dogs. These were later crossed with the Braque (a French pointer).

At some point a tailless dog was born. This characteristic was seized upon as a distinctive feature in the breed's early development, and even today some Brittany are born tailless.

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